Tag Archives: aperture

Tips for landscape photography

(Landscape photography is one of the popular photography sectors. The photos of rivers, mountain, land etc can be a beautiful and memorable photo. There are some ways to take even more beautiful landscape photos.)

Many people tend to love landscape photography. They like to capture the beauty of nature in a photo and save it for years. Landscape photography also tries to capture the beauty of landscape. It maybe lights of sunrise falling on the land, a flowing river etc. Here are some tips on how to achieve beautiful landscape photographs.

Use a tripod:

Whenever a landscape photograph is to be clicked, a tripod should always be used. It makes sure that the camera is stable and won’t shake. If the camera is held on hands, then the camera will be shaken and the photo that comes out might be a blurred one. This will ruin the photo completely

Tips for landscape photography

Use of color contrast:

The landscape photos with color contrast may prove to be beautiful and breath- taking one. If full utilization of color is done then the photo will surely come out as one of the best landscape photos. The contrast color will also bring attention of the viewer to that point. For example: The orange color of sunset can create a huge contract with dark blue/black sky.

Choose a small aperture:

In landscape photography, it is better to maximize the depth of field. To attain this, the size of aperture must be small so that the photos with greater depth are taken. However, small aperture means less light will enter the camera, so the ISO and shutter speed should be fixed accordingly.

 Choose the correct time:

When it comes to landscape photography, time is very important. The photos should be taken at the correct time otherwise the opportunity will be missed. For example: To take a photo of landscape covered with sunrise light, the photographer will have to be ready early in the morning.

Avoid having other objects in the frame:

While taking a photo if the shadow of the photographer appears in it, then the photo will be ruined. So, while setting a frame, it is necessary to avoid shadows, poles, people who are not wanted in the photo etc. Take the photo only when a good frame is captured.

Capture the moment and the movement:

Landscape photography doesn’t always mean still photos of a landscape. It could also be photos of lighting striking in the horizon, leaves of the trees moving with the wind, moving of the cloud etc. A good landscape photographer will always try to capture such moment and movement in a photo. To obtain this, the shutter speed should be low so that the full movement of the subject can be captured.

How to take good portrait photographs?

(A good portrait photograph should able to reflect the subject’s mood, expression and story. Just by looking at it, the viewers should able to tell what the story of the subject is.)

How to take good portrait photographsHow to take good portrait photographs

Good portrait photographs should be able to capture the mood, expression and personality of the person or group of person in the photographs. It is just not about capturing the photo of the subject with their face in it. It’s also about the lights, expression, mood, background etc. So, how to take good portrait photographs? Here are some steps that can be followed to take some very good portrait photographs.

Decide to capture natural or posed photographs:

The portrait photographs can be captured in two ways. The photo of the subject maybe captured in their natural environment or the subjects may pose for the photographs. Normally, it is best to capture the photo of the subject in their natural environment. It gives more essence to the photographs. However, posed photographs may also turn out to be a beautiful one, if taken correctly.

Decide on the eye contact:

Eyes are said to be the window to the soul. It can be used to display the expression and mood of the subject. The subjects may look away from the camera towards some direction or things; they may look straight at the camera; or they may look at each other or things inside the frame of the camera. Remember, subject’s eye is one of the most important parts that will decide the quality of the portrait photograph.

Increase the shutter speed:

While taking portrait photographs, it might be a good idea to increase the shutter speed of the camera, so that the shutter moves fast. People are not stable like landscapes they tend to move a bit or crinkle their eyes and so on. So, it is best to capture the expression as soon as possible.

Increase the size of aperture:

It is good if the size of aperture is increased. This will create a kind of blur in the surrounding of the subject and will give more focus to the subject. To increase the size of aperture, decrease the f-number.

Increase the ISO:

As the shutter speed is decreased in portrait photography, the ISO of the camera has to be increased to compensate for the loss of light entering the camera.

Focus on details:

It is best to focus on even small details while taking a portrait photographs. The portrait photography is all about people and their environment, moods and expression. So, it might be a good idea to focus on things that reflects who those people are. For example: the wrinkles on old person’s face, eyes of the blind person, wedding ring on a bride etc.

Methods to take a photo in low light

(If photos are clicked in low light then they tend to more darker and unclear. So, you have to follow some methods that will enable you to take good photos even in low light.)

Tips for landscape photographyTips for landscape photography

While taking photos you won’t always have enough light around you. If you try to capture an image in a low light without any preparation, then the photo will be dark and in some cases you won’t even see the subject in it. So, how do you take photos in low light? There are many methods which you can follow to take a beautiful photo in low light. Some photographers are capable of using the low light to their advantage to take breath- taking photos. The methods to take a photo in low light are as follows:

Use of flash:

Flash is one of the greatest inventions in regard to photography. It enables you to take photos even in the dimmest light. But, there is a disadvantage in using the flash. Sometimes, it can ruin the photo as the subject will look white and unnatural. You can prevent this from happening by covering the flash with a white tissue. This way the extra lights from the flash can be covered by the white tissue.

Reduce the shutter speed:

If you prefer to capture an image in their natural light without using flash, then you can do so by reducing the shutter speed. This method can be mainly used in landscape photography. The main idea is to keep the shutter of the camera open until enough light enters the camera. If the shutter speed is reduced then more light can enter. While using this method, be sure to use a tripod so that the camera is not shaken too much.

Increase the ISO:

Another way to capture an image without using flash is by increasing the ISO. ISO is the amount of sensitivity of light that falls on the sensor. If the ISO is increased then it will be more sensitive to the light. This enables you to capture image in low light. However, too much of ISO can lead to limitation of noise in the picture. So, you have to select the ISO very carefully.

Widen the aperture:

If you are not taking a landscape photo then reducing the shutter speed maybe a bad idea. Instead of reducing the shutter speed, you can widen the aperture. The width of the aperture decides how much of light will enter the camera. So, if you widen your aperture more light will enter the camera and the shutter speed will also be low, which will result into good and sharp photos. To widen the aperture you must choose the lowest f-number. The lower the f-number, more the light will enter.